Constitution Studies – Section B Notes – Week of Jan 23-27


A – Popular Sovereignty or B – Republicanism
January 23 – Quiz

1 – Which of the following principles states that the people have the power, the people form the government.

2 – Which of the following principles states that there are three branches: Legislative, Executive & Judicial?

A Separation of Powers or B Republicanism

3 – Which of the following principles states that we have rights, especially of religion, speech, assembly, and to bear arms?

A – Individual Rights or B – Popular Sovereignty

4 – Which of the following principle states that government power is shared between the Federal or national government and the states?

A – Federalism or B – Republicanism

5 – Which of the following principle states that each of the three branches of government have some power over the other two branches.

A – Check and Balances B – Federalism

6 – Which of the following states that the United States is a Republic where we elect people to represent us and we have power to change the government through elections?

A – Republicanism or B – Popular Sovereignty

7 – Which of the following states that the power of government is restricted and that no one is above the law?

A – Limited Government or B – Checks and Balances


In the above quiz “A” is the correct answer all the way through.

Therefore, if you have NOT previously carded the 7 Major Principles of the Constitution – do so NOW.

CARD 1 – Front: 7 Major Principles of the Constitution Back – All the Items listed by “A” in the above quiz

CARDS 2-8 – Fronts would each list ONE of the Principles listed on Card 1 –

Cards 2-8 – BACKS would give the Definition given above for that principle. FOR EXAMPLE: A – Popular Sovereignty is the answer to Question One. Therefore, what comes after “States That” in the question is the Definition of Popular Sovereignty. The same goes for each of the following questions. Question 2 – SEPARATION of POWERS – “there are three branches of government.”

JANUARY 24-27 – Memorize the PREAMBLE:

“WE THE PEOPLE of the United States, in order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice,
insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general Welfare,
and to secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity,
do ordain and establish this CONSTITUTION for the United States of America.”

Wednesday, January 25 – Meanings of Selected Phrases in the Preamble

1 – Front – We the People of the United States Back – The people formed the government

2 – Front – in order to form a more perfect union Back – Under the Articles of Confederation there wasn’t much of a Union. The Constitution was to united the states better than under the Articles – a “more perfect union.”

3 – Front – Establish justice Back – Create a system where everyone is treated the same and fairly under the law.

4 – Front – Insure domestic tranquility Back – To create a system where there would be peace between and within the states

Thursday, January 26 – MEANINGS of the Other Phrases in the Constitution

5 – Front – Provide for the common defense Back – To Assure that the government would raise an army to be able to defend the country

6 – Front – Promote the general welfare Back – To promote what is good for everybody. (It does NOT mean “welfare” as in payments to persons who are poor.)

7 – Front – Secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity Back – To set-up a system of government that protects the rights of the individual

8 – Front – Do ordain and establish this CONSTITUTION Back – To set and fix permanently, unalterably with power and authority, the law that is the Constitution and the operation of government as set forth by the Constitution

9 – Front – For the United States of America Back – For those states that choose to join together under the Constitution.

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